See this online text:
- “Mercy, Justice, and Politics: John Paul II on Capital Punishment”, by Kevin E. Miller (2011). Dissertation submitted to Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, May 2011. Available in pdf format at Raynor Memorial Libraries, Marquette University.
See also these related texts:
- “Catholicism & Capital Punishment”, by Avery Cardinal Dulles, First Things 112 (April 2001): pp. 30-35. May be read online (on this page) at First Things.
- “Pope John Paul II, Vatican II, and Capital Punishment”, by Howard Bromberg, Ave Maria Law Review, vol. 6, no. 1 (2007): pp. 109-54. Available in pdf format on this page at the University of Michigan Law School Scholarship Repository, and on this page at the International Center on Law, Life, Faith and Family.
“As I live, saith the Lord God, I desire not the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from his way, and live. Turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways… For when the just shall depart from his justice, and commit iniquities, he shall die in them. And when the wicked shall depart from his wickedness, and shall do judgments and justice, he shall live in them.” (Ezechiel xxx, 11)
“For rulers are not a terror to the good work, but to the evil… Do that which is good: and thou shalt have praise from the same. For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, fear: for he beareth not the sword in vain. For he is the minister of God: and avenger to execute wrath upon him that doth evil.” (Romans xiii, 3-4)
“Not all moral issues have the same moral weight as abortion and euthanasia. For example, if a Catholic were to be at odds with the Holy Father on the application of capital punishment or on the decision to wage war, he would not for that reason be considered unworthy to present himself to receive Holy Communion… There may be a legitimate diversity of opinion even among Catholics about waging war and applying the death penalty…” (Memorandum of Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, made public in July 2004)